Original Article | Volume 16 Number 2: 0 | 05 Jun 2021

Clinical audit of management of smear positive adult pulmonary tuberculosis in PR1 tuberculosis clinic, KK Bandar Miri

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Malaysian tuberculosis (TB) clinical practice guideline (CPG) standardises the management of TB to improve the quality of care for TB patients. Not all primary care providers adhere to this guideline, however. This audit aims to improve the management of smear positive adult pulmonary TB by identifying areas of concern and developing action plans.
Methods: Data for the audit were gathered from August 2018 to August 2019 from medical records of diagnosed smear positive pulmonary TB patients. Patients were included based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: Forty-eight smear positive pulmonary TB patients were recruited. The majority of patients were male (54.2%) and Malay (33.2%). TB symptoms were assessed for 29.2% of patients at two weeks and then in 81.3% at one month, 97.9% at two months, 16.7% at three months, 95.8% at four months, 22.9% at five months and 95.8% at six months. Medication side effects were assessed at two weeks for only 2.1% of patients, then for 8.3% of patients at one month, 2.1% at two months and 0% at subsequent months. At diagnosis, 25% and 4.2% of patients had their visual acuity and colour vision, respectively, assessed. Only 6.3% of patients were referred to pre-pregnancy counselling. Weights were recorded for 87.5% of patients at diagnosis, then for 27.1% at two weeks, 81.3% at one month, 91.7% at two months, 77.1% at three months, 97.9% at four months, 79.2% at five months and 93.8% at six months. Baseline investigations and Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture and sensitivity were conducted for all patients, but only 81.3% of patients were traced. No patients were referred to pharmacy for medication counselling.
Conclusion: This audit shows that there is a difference between current practice and the national guideline. There are some downfalls in management and proper documentation, so interventions should be carried out to improve those aspects.

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