Case Report | Volume 18: 11 | 20 Feb 2023

Delayed hypersensitivity reaction to allopurinol: A case report


Allopurinol is the well-known first-line treatment option for symptomatic hyperuricaemia and gout. It is cost-effective particularly for the management of chronic gout. The common early side effects of allopurinol are skin rashes, diarrhoea and nausea. Meanwhile, a dangerous concerning complication is Stevens–Johnson syndrome, which can cause severe morbidity and mortality. Delayed hypersensitivity to allopurinol is rare but should be one of the differential diagnoses if a patient with underlying gout on chronic allopurinol treatment presents with skin rashes. The present case highlights the importance of a high index of suspicion in at-risk patients with underlying gout along with skin rashes on long-term allopurinol treatment to avoid unnecessary patient management.