Review | Volume 18: 9 | 19 Feb 2023

Monkeypox: A review of data essential in primary care


Monkeypox is known to be endemic in Africa, but recently, the unusually increasing number of cases of monkeypox in non-endemic countries has caught the attention of the world. The World Health Organization has declared the monkeypox outbreak a public health emergency. The spread pattern is unlikely associated with the previous outbreak outside of Africa, which is related to travelling or contact with exotic animals. The current outbreak is linked to sexual history and presents with atypical localised genital eruptions with an unpredictable onset of viral prodromal symptoms. Although the monkeypox virus is not easily transmittable compared with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, anyone who has been in close contact with a patient with monkeypox is at risk. Most patients will present to a primary care centre for assessment and treatment; therefore, it is important to increase awareness of the infection among primary care providers for early recognition of monkeypox, containment of the outbreak and prevention of healthcare-associated infection. A physician who suspects any patient with monkeypox should notify local or state health authorities immediately.