Original Article | Volume 18: 73 | 29 Dec 2023

Patterns of dyslipidemia and its associated factors among prediabetic subjects. A cross-sectional study at a primary care clinic

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes is closely linked to cardiovascular diseases, with diabetic dyslipidaemia serving as an established marker of the acceleration of complications, contributing to an increased cardiovascular risk among patients. Timely detection and early characterization of lipid abnormalities can help clinicians in implementing effective preventive measures. This study aimed to determine the patterns and associated factors of dyslipidaemia among Malaysian subjects with borderline diabetes.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among subjects with borderline diabetes aged ≥18 years who visited a primary healthcare centre at Universiti Sains Malaysia from January 2017 to December 2018. Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data were obtained from electronic medical records. Data were analysed using SPSS version 25.
Results: A total of 250 participants with borderline diabetes were included in the analysis. Of them, 93.6% (n=234) had lipid abnormalities. Isolated dyslipidaemia characterised by a high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level (38.8%, n=97) was the most common pattern found, followed by combined dyslipidaemia of high LDL-C and triglyceride (TG) levels (22.8%, n=57). The male sex was found to be significantly associated with hypertriglyceridemia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.09–3.1)(P=0.02). Diastolic blood pressure ≥90mmHg was significantly associated with a low HDL-C level (AOR=2.09, 95% CI=1.0–4.1) (P=0.03).
Conclusion: The majority of subjects with borderline diabetes have lipid abnormalities. Specifically, isolated dyslipidaemia characterised by a high LDL-C level is alarmingly prevalent. Further large-scale robust studies are needed to confirm the present findings.

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