Original Article | Volume 19: 36 | 25 May 2024

Situational analysis of general practitioners using a forecasting approach until 2025 and a multi-state Markov model: A retrospective longitudinal study

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Undesirable working conditions, insufficient professional development and other labour market pressures have significantly impacted the status of general practitioners (GPs). This study aimed to conduct a situational analysis of GPs in Iran using a forecasting approach until 2025.
Methods: Data were collected concurrently through direct contact, data matching among databases and tracking among graduates from four clusters of medical science universities over the past decade. This retrospective longitudinal study determined the status of GPs over consecutive years. Multi-state Markov and binary logistic regression analyses were performed using R and Stata 14.
Results: Of 430 graduates over the past decade, 94% were successfully identified. Only 20% of the graduates remained active as GPs. The greatest fluctuations in transfer occurred in the third year after graduation, with the remaining proportion of GPs dropping to less than 50%. The probability of remaining as GPs was 0.76 per year, while the highest transition was observed towards specialisation (0.12). Additionally, 2% of the GPs chose not to work, and less than 1% transitioned to a different specialty. Based on the transfer matrix for 2025, only 19% of the GPs were projected to remain, with the majority (59%) transitioning to specialisation.
Conclusion: The transfer probability varies across different years, indicating higher flow rates among GPs. However, only a limited number of GPs are projected to remain until 2025. A comprehensive set of interventions should be considered, spanning the pre-medical stage, during education and after graduation, to mitigate the factors contributing to GPs leaving their profession.

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