Original Article | Volume 18: 1 | 03 Jan 2023

Six-minute walking distance reference value for healthy Indonesian children: A cross-sectional study from the largest country in South East Asia

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There is no global reference value for the 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) in paediatric populations, as it can vary greatly depending on local characteristics and anthropometric measures. This study aimed to identify a 6MWD reference value that could be applied in both local and regional settings.
Methods: This cross-sectional multicentre study investigated a healthy paediatric population aged 4–18 years in Indonesia. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) was conducted in accordance with the American Thoracic Society guidelines. Data were presented as the 6MWD according to age and sex per year. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted on the basis of the 6MWDpred Rizky formula.
Results: A total of 634 participants were included in this study. Age, sex, weight, leg length and height affected the 6MWD (P<0.001). In the regression model, sex and height were the predictors of 6MWD, with height as the best single predictor.
Conclusion: The reference charts and 6MWDpred Rizky formula are applicable in multi-ethnic paediatric Indonesian populations but in limited settings.

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